Sunday, 5 October 2008

Ruby-LDAP

I said it would never happen but here is another Ruby blogpost for the ThoughtWorks pool. In my defense, there really wasn't much help out there on this topic so my pair and I decided this had to be posted. His post on what we tried in order to make Ruby talk to LDAP is over there.

The Bits
OpenDS is Sun's LDAP server. We chose this as our LDAP server because it is the one most likely to sit behind the OpenSSO Single Sign-On implementation we are populating, querying and binding to. It is written purely in Java and provides a bunch of useful shell scripts and a Java API to do the things we want to do. This will allow us to test our Ruby-LDAP implementation independently of our solution.

OpenDS has a nice installer with a friendly setup wizard. If you want to script the install then run this from the root of the installation directory:


>$ './setup --cli --no-prompt -p 1389 -D "cn=Directory Manager" -w "password" -b dc=example,dc=com -a --doNotStart'


Ruby-LDAP was the friendliest and most sensible choice because it was the most pure Ruby choice which allowed us to do things the Ruby way. RJB let us use the OpenDS libraries but was too much like writing Java in Ruby and involved running another JVM on the production server it is destined for. If we were to go that far then we'd have opted for JRuby to do the bridging. After ActiveLDAP flat out refused to acknowledge OpenDS and would only play well with OpenLDAP, that was written off. Ruby-LDAP is a written in C so it isn't a nice gem install but instead takes a bit of making and shaking to get going.

Here is how to install it from the command line once it is downloaded and unzipped:

>$ ruby
ruby-ldap-0.9.7/extconf.rb "."
>$ make
>$ make install

The Required Basic LDAP Knowledge
LDAP is like a very simple and slightly stupid database for storing Identity information. It does not have transactions. You can't query it with SQL. It is a tree. It does have a schema.

Understand your LDAP schema. You can customise it. It is made up of nodes that are defined by object classes and attributes. These include but are not restricted to: Organization; OrganizationalUnit; and Person.

Distinguished Name (DN) appears everywhere when you are dealing with LDAP. It is the unique name given to a node in the LDAP tree and describes the exact path from the node to the root. A DN starts at the node and walks up the tree. It looks like: uid=damana,ou=australia,dc=mycompany,dc=com

This is an LDAP glossary that was useful in deciphering the LDAP maze and nomenclature.

Adding an Organizational Unit
To add an organizational unit:


#/usr/bin/ruby -w

require 'ldap'

connection = LDAP::Conn.new('localhost', 1389)
connection.bind('cn=Directory Manager','password')

record = [
LDAP.mod(LDAP::LDAP_MOD_ADD,'objectclass',['organizationalUnit']),
LDAP.mod(LDAP::LDAP_MOD_ADD,'ou',['australia
']),
]

connection.add("ou=branches, dc=
mycompany, dc=com", record)

connection.unbind


Adding a User
To add a user to an organizational unit:


#/usr/bin/ruby -w

require 'ldap'

connection = LDAP::Conn.new('localhost', 1389)
connection.bind('cn=Directory Manager','password')

record = [
LDAP.mod(LDAP::LDAP_MOD_ADD,'objectclass',['person']),
LDAP.mod(LDAP::LDAP_MOD_ADD,'cn',['Damana Madden']),
LDAP.mod(LDAP::LDAP_MOD_ADD,'cn',['dmadden']),
LDAP.mod(LDAP::LDAP_MOD_ADD,'sn',['Damana Madden']),
]

connection.add("cn=Damana Madden ou=australia, dc=mycompany, dc=com", record)

connection.unbind


Deleting a User
To delete a user:


#/usr/bin/ruby -w

require 'ldap'

connection = LDAP::Conn.new('localhost', 1389)
connection.bind('cn=Directory Manager','password')

connection.delete("cn=Damana Madden ou=australia, dc=mycompany, dc=com")

connection.unbind

4 comments:

Ola Bini said...

Hi,

Not sure if you ever considered using ruby-net-ldap? In my experience it's without doubt the best LDAP solution for Ruby (if you're not on JRuby of course... =)

Mana said...

I'll have a look at ruby-net-ldap now too. Thanks.

khaled agrama said...

Agreed, I've also had much better luck with ruby-net-ldap.

cawanpink said...

hi damana,
greebo@l#linuxchix refered me to you. there's foss.my coming up in early november this year (http://foss.my) and she's coming. so there's an idea to hold a geekgilrs/tech girls there. she said u run it all the time. since i'm such a newbie in organising it, i would appreciate your help in guiding me on wat to do etc.
thx
-nuhaa

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